The Viking Labeled Release Experiment and Life on Mars. Lost civilizations

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64. Toulmin, P. III, A.K. Baird, B.C. Clark, K. Keil, H.J. Rose, R.P. Christian, H.P. Evans and W.C. Kelliher, "Geochemical and Mineralogical Interpretation of the Viking Inorganic Chemical Results," J. Geophys. Res., 82, 4625, 1977.
65. Ibid.
66. Flam, F., "The Chemistry of Life at the Margins," Science, 265, 471, 1994.
67. Friedmann, E.I. and R. Ocampo, "Endolithic Blue-Green Algae in the Dry Valleys: Primary Producers in the Antarctic Desert Ecosystem," Science, 193, 1247, 1976.
68. Kjelleberg, S., M. Hermansson and P. Mardin, "The Transient Phase Between Growth and Nongrowth of Heterotrophic Bacteria with Emphasis on the Marine Environment," Ann. Rev. Microbiol., 41, 25-47, 1987.
69. Potts, M., "Desiccation Tolerance of Prokaryotes," Microbiol. Revs., 58, 755, 1994.
70. Gest, H. and J. Mandelstam, "Longevity of Microorganisms in Natural Environments," Microbiol. Sciences., 4(3), 69, 1987.
71. Gilichinsky, D.A., E.A. Vorobyova, L.G. Erokhina, D.G. Fyordorov-Dayvdov and N.R. Chaikovskaya, "Life Science and Space Research XXIV(3): Planetary Biology and Origins of Life, Proceedings of the Topical Meeting of COSPAR Interdisciplinary Scientific Commission F (Meetings F7, F1, F8 and F9) and Evening Session 1 of the COSPAR Twenty-eighth Plenary Meeting," Adv. Space Res., 12(4), 255, 1992.
72. Cano, R.J. and M.K. Borucki, Science, 268, 1060, 1995.
73. Op. Cit. 69.
74. Grunthaner, F.J., A.J. Ricco, M.A. Butler, A.L. Lane, C.P. McKay, A.P. Zent, R.C. Quinn, B.R. Murray, H.P. Klein, G. V. Levin, R.W. Terhune, M.L. Homer, A. Ksendzov and P. Niedermann, Analyt. Chem., in press, 1995.
75. Suggested by G.V. Levin, conducted by A. Ksendzov, MOx Team members, as part of MOx development program, Apr., 1993.
76. Goldsmith, D., The Hunt for Life on Mars , p. 188, Dutton, NY, 1997.
77. Levin, G. V., and P. A. Straat, "Laboratory Simulations of the Viking Labeled Release Experiment: Kinetics Following Second Nutrient Injection and the Nature of the Gaseous End Product," J. Mol. Evol., 4, 185-197, 1979.
78. Levinthal, E.C., K.L. Jones, P. Fox and C. Sagan, "Lander Imaging As A Detector Of Life On Mars," J. Geophys. Res., 82, 4468-4478, 1977.
79. Levin, G.V., P.A. Straat and W.D. Benton, J. Theoret. Biol., 75, 381-390, 1978.
80. Guinness, E., R. Arvidson, L. Geheret and L. Bolef, "Color Changes at the Viking Landing Sites over the Course of a Mars Year," NASA Technical Memorandum 80339, 1979.
81. Strickland, E. L. III, "Martian soil stratigraphy and rock coatings observed in color-enhanced Viking Lander images," Proc. 10th Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., 3055-3077, 1979.
82. Op. Cit. 6.
83. Lange, C., E. Schulze and W. Koch, Flora Abt., 159, 38, 1970.
84. Banin, A. and J. Rishpon, "Smectite clays in Mars soil: evidence for their presence and role in Viking biology experimental results," J. Molec. Evol., 14, 133-152, 1979.
85. Banin, A. and L. Margulies, "Simulation of Viking biology experiments suggests smectites not palagonite, as martian soil analogs," Nature, 305, 523-526, 1983
86. Banin, A., T. Ben-shlomo, L. Margulies and A.U. Gehring, "Workshop on the Martian Surface and Atmosphere Through Time," NTIS, Accession No. N92-28990/9/XAB, 1992.
87. Op. Cit., 38.
88. McKay, C.P., R. L. Mancinelli, C. R. Stoker, and R. A. Wharton, Jr., "The Possibility of Life on Mars During a Water-Rich Past," Mars, 1234-1245, Keiffer, H. H., B. M. Jakosky, C. W. Snyder, M. S. Mathews, eds., U. Ariz. Press, Tucson, 1992.
89. Gratz, A.J., W.J. Nellis and N.A. Hinsey, "Observations of High-Velocity, Weakly Shocked Ejecta from Experimental Impacts," Nature, 363, 522, 1993.
90. Levin, G.V., letter proposal to W. Boynton, TEGA Experimenter, U.




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