The Viking Labeled Release Experiment and Life on Mars. Lost civilizations

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64. Toulmin, P. III, A.K. Baird, B.C. Clark, K. Keil, H.J. Rose, R.P. Christian, H.P. Evans and W.C. Kelliher, "Geochemical and Mineralogical Interpretation of the Viking Inorganic Chemical Results," J. Geophys. Res., 82, 4625, 1977.
65. Ibid.
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68. Kjelleberg, S., M. Hermansson and P. Mardin, "The Transient Phase Between Growth and Nongrowth of Heterotrophic Bacteria with Emphasis on the Marine Environment," Ann. Rev. Microbiol., 41, 25-47, 1987.
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75. Suggested by G.V. Levin, conducted by A. Ksendzov, MOx Team members, as part of MOx development program, Apr., 1993.
76. Goldsmith, D., The Hunt for Life on Mars , p. 188, Dutton, NY, 1997.
77. Levin, G. V., and P. A. Straat, "Laboratory Simulations of the Viking Labeled Release Experiment: Kinetics Following Second Nutrient Injection and the Nature of the Gaseous End Product," J. Mol. Evol., 4, 185-197, 1979.
78. Levinthal, E.C., K.L. Jones, P. Fox and C. Sagan, "Lander Imaging As A Detector Of Life On Mars," J. Geophys. Res., 82, 4468-4478, 1977.
79. Levin, G.V., P.A. Straat and W.D. Benton, J. Theoret. Biol., 75, 381-390, 1978.
80. Guinness, E., R. Arvidson, L. Geheret and L. Bolef, "Color Changes at the Viking Landing Sites over the Course of a Mars Year," NASA Technical Memorandum 80339, 1979.
81. Strickland, E. L. III, "Martian soil stratigraphy and rock coatings observed in color-enhanced Viking Lander images," Proc. 10th Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., 3055-3077, 1979.
82. Op. Cit. 6.
83. Lange, C., E. Schulze and W. Koch, Flora Abt., 159, 38, 1970.
84. Banin, A. and J. Rishpon, "Smectite clays in Mars soil: evidence for their presence and role in Viking biology experimental results," J. Molec. Evol., 14, 133-152, 1979.
85. Banin, A. and L. Margulies, "Simulation of Viking biology experiments suggests smectites not palagonite, as martian soil analogs," Nature, 305, 523-526, 1983
86. Banin, A., T. Ben-shlomo, L. Margulies and A.U. Gehring, "Workshop on the Martian Surface and Atmosphere Through Time," NTIS, Accession No. N92-28990/9/XAB, 1992.
87. Op. Cit., 38.
88. McKay, C.P., R. L. Mancinelli, C. R. Stoker, and R. A. Wharton, Jr., "The Possibility of Life on Mars During a Water-Rich Past," Mars, 1234-1245, Keiffer, H. H., B. M. Jakosky, C. W. Snyder, M. S. Mathews, eds., U. Ariz. Press, Tucson, 1992.
89. Gratz, A.J., W.J. Nellis and N.A. Hinsey, "Observations of High-Velocity, Weakly Shocked Ejecta from Experimental Impacts," Nature, 363, 522, 1993.
90. Levin, G.V., letter proposal to W. Boynton, TEGA Experimenter, U.

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