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Mayan society, page 2 from www.lost-civilizations.net
Polygamy was unknown, but concubinage was permitted, and divorce was easy.
Marriages were performed by the priests, with much ceremonial rejoicing, and
preceded by a solemn confession and a baptismal rite, known as the "rebirth",
without which there could be no marriage.
No one could marry out of his own rank or without the consent of the chief of
Mayan agriculture and Diet
The Mayans were also skilled farmers, clearing large sections of tropical
rain forest and, where groundwater was scarce, building sizeable underground
reservoirs for the storage of rainwater. The Maya were equally skilled as
weavers and potters, and cleared routes through jungles and swamps to foster
extensive trade networks with distant peoples.
While the Maya diet varies, depending on the local geography, maize remains
the primary staple now as it was centuries ago. Made nutritionally complete with
the addition of lime, the kernels are boiled, ground with a metate and mano,
then formed by hand into flat tortillas that are cooked on a griddle that is
traditionally supported on three stones.
Chile peppers, beans and squash are still grown in the family farm plot
(milpa) right along with the maize, maximizing each crop's requirements for
nutrients, sun, shade and growing surface. Agriculture was based on slash and
burn farming which required that a field be left fallow for 5 to 15 years after
only 2 to 5 years of cultivation. But there is evidence that fixed raised fields
and terraced hillsides were also used in appropriate areas.
The Maya farmer cultivated corn, beans, cacao, chile, maguey, bananas, and
cotton, besides giving attention to bees, from which he obtained both honey and
Various fermented drinks were prepared from corn, maguey, and honey. They
were much given to drunkenness, which was so common as hardly to be considered
Chocolate was the favourite drink of the upper classes. Cacao beans, as well
as pieces of copper, were a common medium of exchange. Very little meat was
eaten, except at ceremonial feasts, although the Maya were expert hunters and
fishers. A small "barkless" dog was also eaten.
The ordinary garment of men was a cotton breechcloth wrapped around the
middle, with sometimes a sleeveless shirt, either white or dyed in colors.
The women wore a skirt belted at the waist, and plaited their hair in long
tresses. Sandals were worn by both sexes. Tattooing and head-flattening were
occasionally practised, and the face and body were always painted. The Maya,
then as now, were noted for personal neatness and frequent use of both cold and
The Mayans were expert and determined warriors, using the bow and arrow, the
dart with throwing-stick, the wooden sword edged with flints, the lance, sling,
copper axe, shield of reeds, and protective armour of heavy quilted cotton.
They understood military tactics and signalling with drum and whistle, and
knew how to build barricades and dig trenches. Noble prisoners were usually
sacrificed to the gods, while those of ordinary rank became slaves.
Their object in war was rather to make prisoners than to kill.
As the peninsula had no mines, the Maya were without iron or any metal
excepting a few copper utensils and gold ornaments imported from other
Their tools were almost entirely of flint or other stone, even for the most
intricate monumental carving.
For household purposes they used clay pottery, dishes of shell, or gourds.
Their pottery was of notable excellence, as were also their weaving, dyeing, and
Along the coast they had wooden dugout canoes capable of holding fifty
Instead of the ten digits used today, the Maya used a base number of 20.
(Base 20 is vigesimal.) They also used a system of bar and dot as "shorthand"
for counting. A dot stood for one and a bar stood for five.
Because the base of the number system was 20, larger numbers were written
down in powers of 20. We do that in our decimal system too:
for example 32 is 3*10+2. In the Maya system, this would be 1*20+12, because
they used 20 as base.
Numbers were written from bottom to top.
Fractions were not used.
Maya merchants often used cocoa beans, which they layed out on the ground, to
do their calculations.
page 1 ) page 2 (last)
Dr. Law enforcer of Simsbury , 12/03:
This is a very useful website used for Mayan study that should be taken serious and instead it is being used to house all the perverts in the world you all should be ashamed tiss tiss tiss
N*gger F*ggot, 12/09:
Hey f*cking n*ggers who wants some phat juicy c*ck
anyone here. if so im available to be fc*ked
rebecca emmurreen, 26/10:
oh matti id love a discostick ride
. omg jeremy i was just talking to my mom and thought of riding your discostick
say i if you like this site
. good info it was very useful
Some things on the second page you were way off on. I have my first college paper due so I really hope the rest of your stuff is accurate.
Awesome, you should tell more
vickers enemy, 28/05:
Not interested vickers but frostywould like a ride
who here wanna sleep with me
c'mon man or lady
yur mama, 19/05:
Hahaha. im your momma fuk dis.
matti ill take a ride on your disco stick :P
you wnna take a ride on my discio stick
i spy with;l;p[' my little eyes pins in your pants
Im in the hizzow and in your pants
u all r just mean and get a life ok you perfs
I saw the same information about the Mayan Math in another website, in the EXACT same words...
you know where im at, all night long
Omg jeremy im pitching a tent just think about riding your discostick
Dhillon i well takeyou up on that ride,allnight long,oh yeah!
RYAN GALLAN7, 05/05:
I have no life so I play with sara wilkins all night long
Patrick Bradbury, 05/05:
I haz no pen1s. Me stoopid, I lov3 dhillons manmeat
Dhillon sehmby, 05/05:
I wanna take take a ride on your discostik
grayson , 05/05:
tell your rosty to meet me in a ally with a condum make sure you come alone :P (.)(.)
hey grayson a guy named rosty wants to see you strip your self
you need to tell the achievements of the Maya
get some , 09/03:
ya i know you haz no life justin
JUstin Bieber , 09/03:
Im ugly. I dont know y people call me cute?
taylor lautner , 09/03:
OMG IM SO HOT AND BEAST!~!!! I love ME.
Taylor Swift, 09/03:
That rotten taylor lautner was cheating on me with selena gomez!! she's ugly too! it husts. she isn't even blonde
it helped my report a little
It is cool and EPIC
ka KAAA, 22/12:
this si cool, lots o info man, yay
this helped me so much. I say it is great and packed with many informational tips
im not emo im elmo
this helped alot thinks
there numbering system is tight :-))))))))
This had some decent information, but it was very vague with some details, like the military section simply told us what they used, not their tactics or who led the wars or anything of that nature, whereas the government section was full of helpful information. Overall I'd say this is about a 7/10 site.
dudes grow a brain who really gives a rats arse about this random website on mayan society surely at least some of you have a live but if you dont go get one you peeps r just 110% sad
school kid, 07/08:
this need information about religion.
this has notin useful
this site needs stuff about jobs and school and trade
I think you should add something about family life. I looked for a section about it but i couldn't fiund it.
brian brown, 13/05:
nice job holmes
Nice job what ever your name is
Awful stuff! Does anyone know stuff about the Upper class jobs?
big pimpin, 23/04:
the mayans had messenger jobs...and people working for the emperor...and some were the astrologist..!
m... i like cheese =d
I have a huge report, and it's worth 80% of my reading grade, and this site helped a LOT, but it needs more on famous cities, i only have 2 cards for that subject... ]':
im triying to find something about the gods this has nothin.
I had to do some homework and this did'nt really help
it was helpful 4 my homework!!!!! :)
yes it was good i got to say but you need the religion
wonderful but to me #18 in the numbers doesn't show up so there's no #18! :(
it helps quite a bit on my huge report but what is the womens clothes made out of :I
not to be rude, but i have a report to do on mayan jobs, this site, not very helpful
Yeah, um you quys need some more details cause i qotta do a report on mayan jewelry and i cant find info on it anywhere.
I have like this report and this site has helped me so much. Nice info.
this is going to help me so much but you guys need to add more details
me again you need to put more about jewerly in here thnx
. did a man make this because there is only 1 thing about girls this is a whack website im tellin gall my friends not tho come on here
i fialed my test and i got my info from here!!!!!
this website is HOPELESS
Your website is whack!!
this helped me a lot!
fUDGE MY MANGINA
u should put a social pryamid on here
what role did girls have?????
Cool. There could be information in each section
Hey im Alexis and i absolutely love school!
i mean today was the oat and i like totally think i passed it! it was so much fun! yeah!! who hoo!
THIS IS TO THAT tio TE PUEDO PROVAR QUE TODO ES CIERTO, SI NO SABES NO DIGAS NADA!!!
nicole yur on the rong page go to page ONE!!!
Does any1 know when the Mayan's worked? eg days? weeks? months?
ustedes son una mierda
. everything is a lie
your face is ugly
I NEED HELP!! I'm still in need of info on the mayan civilization jobs pls pls pls help!!!
you need to tell about what the jobs of the ancient maya people were
need to know bout family life
ps chicken is cool
Ha.Ha It's very good. My boobsattract you
this really helps
boobies rock you
project person, 17/03:
this really helped with my project
This helps but a bit more information would be perfect
joe , 25/01:
i like pankcakes
this website is great
what about their religion?!
this helped me so much i love this site
Peeps great website
This is going 2 help me so much! But could you please add a little more on education?
(0 0) ---it'sa horsey
gung hay fat chow whoever wrote this is a poop i lv you dalynn & kelsie
David Gilbert, 05/09:
I am a petafile and I like boobies.
hi i love you so much jr
yo thanks for this work it really hlped me on my global project
Big daddy, 05/06:
Chinese food is good!!!
This is a big piece of chim ok? I'm Minh and i dont have a chim!! Yeah!!!!!
hey love it! but it needs more mayan jobs! thx!
sup peps this web site helped lots!!! :) thanx
That Person-Spot, 23/04:
This site rox. Nice work. BTW, where's 18?
seriously you guys! stop dissing the website! if you have problems with it, make your own! god!
It needs more info on class position!
this website's got nothing
maralin manson, 22/03:
hmph what is this
this is a big piece of crap and sheet
All this good information and don't have about classes, trade, or farming.
Nobody writes on this page! I think this comment section is REALLY odd, it takes away from the information that you r reading and gets you 2 not do your work and just read the terrible things people write on there pages. If you really like the comment page then you should have it so only the comments writen in the last 3 or 4 days where posted and there was not any "bad words" on the web-site. Other wise this web-site is fantastic! (do you actually ever read these comments?!)
The Lamerz, 13/02:
This web site gave me report an A!!!
Tks for this crap
hey,this web-site is nice. bye, this web site is weird....i say that because i have no idea y you have a comment area
nice web site. need stuff more on government type. What types of things the kings and preists handled every day. hey, flaming hot chick- i like mini skirts. wink. :)
hey my name is edd and i am special....you can call me special edd
yo i\'m short, 01/02:
thank you for all the information you had to offer. mostOF it will be a big help in social science. thank you again.
hello i am your father
well helen or whomever you may be, learn how to spell research and why dont you try to make a site of your own.
um... this is good but what about the religion and how the religion and government worked hand in hand?
man this was a sweet website but i can't find anything on mayan rulers!
great website but i couldnt find goverment , trade and military
man thank you. this site helped me alot in my social study homework. keep up the great work :P
you are awesome
you need more stuff on recreation
It would be more usefull if there was something on their families and jobs
this site helped me alot on my english project that is worth about 300 pts. so thanks so much!!
u dont have anything about like there housing or record keeping you should really add stuff like that
um do you have anything on families?
YoU NEED T0 GET SoME JoBS 0N HERE & SoCiAL CLASSES...YoU KNoW THE BASiCS T0 A CiViLAZTioN. BUT THANKS FoR SoME iNF0 LiKE YE
WAT iT D0000 510 707 MoBBiN
yo momma, 01/09:
who were the damn kings?
this is good stuff but you could have more of their inventions and art
You NEED to get you some Mayan occupations and jobs cause I am at school and I need to get done and I'm gonna get an F thanks to you! Selfish hoodlum!!
hey there...im sure you help alot of ppl with stuff but i need mayan occupation and you aint findin none....what kind of website are you!?...
You really need more on architecture and things like that. However, it was very helpful for my homework. THANKS!!!
You need more info on the aspect of human sacrifices it was a very religious and important part of thier lifes so it should include it omn your site thanks
. Heyt his site is great and it helped me with my repert thank you! I couldn't find anything on occupations! But you need dome more on occupations. Thanx.
This site is awesome!It helped me so much and gave me lots of information my textbook was lacking! Thanks
yo people i am kool
hi this was a good site!! Oh mOHANaDs KOOl MoHAnads kool.!
Hi this site was good...but keep goign on the occupations. I NEED INFOR ON THAT!!
Thank you for this site it is great but i need info on occupations. Thanks!!
I really loved this it helps alot i got me an straight A student an A+.
Thank you for this site it really helped with my project on the Mayan Culture
Did they have police force?????????
. great site!!! need more info on the political system.
catch yas later
It needs stuff on jobs and trade routes
This whole site has helped a lot by providing what my textbooks were lacking. Thanks.
Hey this site really helped me with my report thank you for making it!lots of info i needed
sup , 08/05:
your website was okay but you need more info on the role the king played and the recreation
this is a really cool place to get info
This website gives a lot of great info I love it this will be like the only web page I will use for my mayan report!!! this site rocks my world!!
This has alot of imformation and I was surprised
I cant find occupations either!!!!
can't find any info!!!!!
pretty good but need things on food, clothing, climate, and goverment.
its was really usefull, but you need some stuff on their religion.
Need more economy stuff and record keeping
need more information on what they dress and what was the fashion back then other wise good !
Pretty nice stie need more info on Maya occupations.
Hey lots of useful information but i couldn't find some famous Mayans and Mayan civilization in the present day. Anyqays if you find some info, please let me know. Thanks again!!
steven harper, 08/03:
thankyou so very much i am so happy with your government section!!!
this site is great. I got all the info I needed on the Mayan civilization.
this is great for school but i cant find Mayan Occupations :(. im sure iwill find it tho :D
this site is great i got almost all the info i needed on Government 4 a school project thankz!!! xoxo Jessica xoxo
HELPFULL SITE not!
Me, Myself and I, 11/01:
This site is great, it helped me get all the information I needed for a school project, thanks! P.S. And for all you sickos writing nasty comments on here---get a life.
i think this website is very useful n will lead mi 2 an a+.thanx for all the info.yea:)
Kimesha Lynn, 14/12:
eh i thank all yall peeps needs ta stop messin round herr...if you wants ta joke and play do it on you own tyme or sunthin... maan jus get a lyfe... peace im out
spencer f., 07/12:
Dude this place is awsome for projects and class work I come here when I'm in trouble
great info but did they really flatten their heads??
This is exactly what I needed for my project ;) I love this site and it has all the info I really needed too :D do you have any recipes
amber b., 12/10:
this is a great site! I got alot of information from it! It Rocks!
no one, 10/10:
it would be great if I could get my hands on some information on their social pyramid
Mayan man, 17/06:
What about the jobs like priest, architect or stuff?
Maya Papaya, 16/06:
THANK YOU SO MUCH!! your site gave me an A+! I LOVE YOU!!!
Nice job I also need to know about mayan today if you can get it.
This infomation is great! If you know anywhere else I could get info on mayan marriages that would be awesome. Thanks!!!
i am in highschool and i have to do a project on ancient civilisations
u got some good info but i need to know about ancient mayan occupations like:
so if you could plz get some info on that plz cos i really need some i have searched everywhere :(
number 18 doesnt show up and the information is great. i used most of it for my project. it was very interesting!!!
Number 18 doesn't show up.
number 8 doesnot show up!