Ancient civilizations

Collected materials and some original essays on Ancient civilizations
Please feel free to send me questions, suggestions, wishes and critics (genry_joil@lost-civilizations.net)


/Celts
  
  • Celtic civilization - The Celt, also spelled KELT, Latin CELTA, plural Celtae..
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  • Celts, another overview - (several sources)
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  • Druids - Who were the Druids ? (from "Celtic Heart")
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  • Barbarians - The term "Barbarian" is Greek in origin..(from Ellie Crystal)
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  • Runes, Celtic runes - Runes are an alphabetic script used by the peoples of Northern Europe from the first century c.e. until well into the Middle Ages..
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  • Celtic Calendar - There are three primary schools of thought regarding Celtic calendrical practice.. (from "Celtic Heart")
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  • The Voyage of Bran, Son of Febal - The story of Bran.
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  • Celtic Knotwork: celtic knots - J. Romilly Allen has identified eight basic knots from which most Celtic knotwork patterns were derived..
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  • Wicca - Paganism - Wicca is a religion that has roots going back to the dawn of man.

  • /Easter Island
      
  • Easter Island: stones, history - Easter Island is the world's most isolated inhabited island.(from Ellie Crystal)
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  • Eastern Island - Myth - STORY OF HOTU MATUA.(from Ellie Crystal)

  • /Inca (most meterials from Ellie Crystal)
      
  • Pre-Inca Civilization - Tiahuanaco, was the capital of the Pre-Inca Civilization..
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  • Tiahuanaco and the Deluge - By Helmut Zettl.
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  • Inca Civilization - Inca can be spelled Inka and was known as Tiwantinsuya..
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  • Inca Ruins - Cuzco, the capital of the Incan empire, was built out of stone and adorned with gold..
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  • Lake Titicaca - Lake Titicaca is the world's highest lake navigable to large vessels..
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  • Inca Prophecies - Prophecies of the Q'ero Incan Shamans.
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  • Machu Picchu - Built by the Incas on the summit of "Machu Picchu" (Old Peak), overlooking the deep canyon of the Urubamba river in a semi-tropical area 120 Km.
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  • Inca pyramids in Peru - Peru is a spiritual land where pyramids can be found..
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  • Nazca Lines - Stretching across the Nazca plains - like a giant map or blueprint left by ancient astronauts, lie the famous Nazca Lines of Peru.

  • /Maya (most info from Ellie Crystal)
      
  • Mayan history - The Maya are probably the best-known of the classical civilizations of Mesoamerica..
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  • Mayan society - The Mayan civilization was not one unified empire, but rather a multitude of separate entities with a common cultural background..
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  • Mayan Writing ~ Codices - The Mayans evolved the only true written system native to the Americas and were masters of mathematics..
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  • Mayan Geography - The ancient Maya civilization occupied the eastern third of Mesoamerica, primarily the Yucatan Peninsula..
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  • Mayan religion - Popol Vuh - Religious ritual was elaborate and imposing, with frequent festival occasions in honour of the gods..
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  • Mayan art - Limestone structures, faced with lime stucco, were the hallmark of ancient Maya architecture..
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  • Mayan Astronomy - The Maya were quite accomplished astronomers..
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  • Mayan calendar and prophecies - The Maya kept time with a combination of several cycles that meshed together to mark the movement of the sun, moon and Venus..
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  • Mayan Gods - The ancient Maya had a complex pantheon of deities whom they worshipped and offered human sacrifices..
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  • Mayan Pyramids in Mexico - Teotihuacan - Deep within the jungles of Mexico and Guatemala and extending into the limestone shelf of the Yucatan peninsula lie the mysterious temples and pyramids of the Maya..
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  • Mayan Pyramids of Chichen Itza - Chitchen Itza Pyramids and Temples.

  • /Phoenicians
      
  • Phoenicians overview - From 1200 to 800 B.C. the Semitic-speaking Phoenicians lived and prospered on the Mediterranean coast north of Palestine..
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  • Phoenicians history - another overview, Phoenicians history lebanon middle east Phoenicia Arabic arabs.

  • /Sarmats
      
  • Sarmat tribes on Ural - small overview.

  • /Scythians
      
  • The Scythians - High Plains Drifters (Chris Bennet, Cannabis Canada :)

  • /Vikings
      
  • Vikings - Isle of Man ~ Leif Eriksson - Vikings - also called 'Norsemen' or 'Northmen', member of the Scandinavian seafaring warriors who raided and colonized wide areas of Europe from the 9th to the 11th century and whose disruptive influence profoundly affected European history..
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  • Vikings - Isle of Man ~ Leif Eriksson 2 - part 2