Atlantis Checklist. Atlantis

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    Indeed, this ocean took this name because it was deemed the "Ocean of the Atlanteans". Hence, Mediterranean locations such as Troy, Crete (Thera), Carthage, the Bosphorus, etc., automatically disqualify as the site of Atlantis.

    However, one should carefully recall that what the ancients called by the name of Atlantic Ocean, or others such as Outer Ocean, Kronius Oceanus, Mare Magnum, Mare Oceanum, etc., was not the same one we now address by that name. As we discuss in detail elsewhere [LINK], the Atlantic Ocean (or simply "Ocean") of the ancients of the times of Plato, Herodotus, Aristotle and others was the whole of the earth encircling ocean. This difference in nomenclature is essential, for it ties with the root of the problem of Atlantis, and explains why all researchers so far have failed to find the true site of Atlantis.

    The ancients figured the world that is, the lands they knew of (Eurasia and Africa), the so-called Ancient World as a roughly circular plate surrounded all around by the Ocean ("Atlantic"). Outside this Circular Ocean, "containing" it, so to speak, was the true "Continent", the Americas, which encircled it all around.

    It was in this Outer Continent that the ancients placed Eden and other such legendary Paradises which they remotely connected with Atlantis. As a matter of fact, the very word "Ocean" derives from the Sanskrit acayana meaning "encircling all around". Hence, in the same way that the Mediterranean regions are automatically discredited as possible sites for Atlantis for they neither lie in the Atlantic Ocean nor outside the Pillars of Hercules regions located in the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean must be included, for they indeed satisfy these two prerequisites.

    Avienus basing himself on very ancient Phoenician sources placed the Hesperides and the island of Geryon, Erytheia, "in the Ocean of the Atlanteans". Now, from Avienus' and other detailed descriptions, Erytheia lay in the Orient, in the Erythraean (or Indian Ocean), to which it gave its name. So, we see that the name of "Atlantic Ocean" or "Ocean of the Atlanteans" originally applied to the Indian Ocean. This name was later transferred, first to both oceans and then to the present Atlantic Ocean. We conclude, hence, that Atlantis must be sought first of all in the Indian Ocean, and only secondarily in what we presently call "Atlantic Ocean".

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    cb, 07/01:
    ophyukus - here's an idea: try reading the article before posting!

    Ela, 10/04:
    Erytheia is in modern Spain, not in the Atlantic Ocean Erytheia ("the red one") is one of the Hesperides. The name was applied to the island close to the coast of southern Hispania, that was the site of the original Punic colony of Gades (modern Cadiz). Pliny's Natural History (4.36) records of the island of Gades: "On the side which looks towards Spain, at about 100 paces distance, is another long island, three miles wide, on which the original city of Gades stood. By Ephorus and Philistides it is called Erythia, by TimŠus and Silenus Aphrodisias, and by the natives the Isle of Juno." The island was the seat of Geryon, who was overcome by Heracles.

    ophyukus, 09/09:
    For god's sake, how can you tell that the East Indies are "atlantic" were in fact they are in the PACIFIC? You want to find Atlantis and you don't even knoe geography - open an Atlas !

    Lake Titicaca

    Plato: Timaeus
    Plato: Timaeus 3
    Corroborating evidence
    The Whirling Mountain of the Navajos
    Possible Physical Evidence of Atlantis
    Possible Physical Evidence of Atlantis - 2
    The Horse Sacrifice (Atlantis in the Indies)