Mayan history. Maya

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    Mayan history, page 2 from


    C rdoba discovered Isla Mujeres in 1517 and sailed down the Yucat n Gulf coast to were he suffered heavy losses at the hands of the Maya. Cort s set sail in 1519 and landed in Veracruz. He conquered the Aztecs in a year, but it took another 20 years to conquer the Yucat n. In 1526 Francisco Montejo set out to conquer the Yucatan.

    The Maya fought the invaders for 20 years, but eventually succumbed. The Maya were slaughtered during the battles with the Spaniards, but imported European diseases decimated the population. The Maya were moved into villages and paid heavy taxes to the Spanish government. There were periodic rebellions against the Spanish.

    The Yucatan Maya launched a major uprising starting in July 1847 called the Caste War. The Spanish were distracted by the war between the US and Mexico and nearly lost the peninsula. The Maya attacked Spanish villages armed by English settlers from Belize and with guns distributed to defend Yucat n's secession in 1846. They regained 90% of their lands and held all of the Yucat n except Campeche and Merida.

    At the height of their revolutionary success, the Maya inexplicably withdrew to their villages - reputedly to plant corn for the season. The war with the US ended in 1848 and reinforcements were sent to the Yucat n, where they drove the Maya back to Chan Santa Cruz. The Maya resisted for several years, but disease and weapons shortages forced them to surrender in 1901.

    After 50 years of independence, their lands became federal territory. In reality, the Southern and Eastern half of the peninsula remained a virtual no man's land to outsiders where the Maya lived almost as they pleased. This changed in the late 1960s when coastal development began.

    Modern Maya

    Maya are around today

    n spite of the invasion of foreign tourism, Mayan culture has remained amazingly intact. Many of the Yucatan Maya whose ancestors were hunters, chicle farmers and fisherman now work in hotels and other tourist related businesses. More than 350,000 Maya living in the Yucatan speak Yukatek Maya and most speak Spanish as a second language, primarily learned in school.

    Maya women can be seen wearing huipils, simple cotton dresses decorated with embroidery. The designs in their embroidery and weaving can be traced back to pre-Columbian times. Although Maya in other parts of Central America choose to limit contact with outside influences, Maya working in the tourist industry are generally open to conversation with polite strangers and if asked will teach you a Mayan phrase or two.

    The Maya proper seem to have entered Yucatan from the west. As usual with ancient nations, it is difficult in the beginning to separate myth from history, their earliest mentioned leader and deified hero, Itzamn , being considered by Brinton to be simply the sun-god common to the whole Mayan stock.

    He is represented as having led the first migration from the Far East, beyond the ocean, along a pathway miraculously opened through the waters. The second migration, which seems to have been historic, was led from the west by Kukulcan, a miraculous priest and teacher, who became the founder of the Maya kingdom and civilization. Fairly good authority, based upon study of the Maya chronicles and calendar, places this beginning near the close of the second century of the Christian Era. Under Kukulcan the people were divided into four tribes, ruled by as many kingly families: the Cocom, Tutul-xiu, Itz and Chele.

    To the first family belonged Kukulcan himself, who established his residence at Mayapan, which thus became the capital of the whole nation. The Tutul-xiu held vassal rule at Uxmal, the Itz at Chichen-Itz , and the Chel at Izamal.

    To the Chele was appointed the hereditary high priesthood, and their city became the sacred city of the Maya. Each provincial king was obliged to spend a part of each year with the monarch at Mayapan. This condition continued down to about the eleventh century, when, as the result of a successful revolt of the provincial kings, Mayapan was destroyed, and the supreme rule passed to the Tutul-xiu at Uxmal.

    Later on Mayapan was rebuilt and was again the capital of the nation until about the middle of the fifteenth century, when, in consequence of a general revolt against the reigning dynasty, it was finally destroyed, and the monarchy was split up into a number of independent petty states, of which eighteen existed on the peninsula at the arrival of the Spaniards.

    In consequence of this civil war a part of the Itz emigrated south to Lake Pet n, in Guatemala, where they established a kingdom with their capital and sacred city of Flores Island, in the lake.

    On his second voyage Columbus heard of Yucatan as a distant country of clothed men. On his fifth voyage (1503-04) he encountered, south-west of Cuba, a canoe-load of Indians with cotton clothing for barter, who said that they came from the country of Maya.

    In 1506 Pinzon sighted the coast, and in 1511 twenty men under Valdivia were wrecked on the shores of the sacred island of Cozumel, several being captured and sacrificed to the idols. In 1517 an expedition under Francisco de Cordova landed on the north coast, discovering well-built cities, but, after several bloody engagements with the natives, was compelled to retire.

    Father Alonso Gonzalez, who accompanied this expedition, found opportunity at one landing to explore a temple, and bring off some of the sacred images and gold ornaments. In 1518 a strong expedition under Juan de Grijalva, from Cuba, landed near Cozumel and took formal possession for Spain.

    For Father Juan Diaz, who on this occasion celebrated Mass upon the summit of one of the heathen temples, the honour is also claimed of having afterwards been the first to celebrate mass in the City of Mexico.

    Near Cozumel, also, was rescued the young monk Aguilar, one of the two survivors of Valdivia's party, who, though naked to the breech-cloth, still carried his Breviary in a pouch. Proceeding northwards, Grijaba made the entire circuit of the peninsula before returning, having had another desperate engagement with the Maya near Campeche.

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    ?, 05/05:
    A LOT of typos are in here!

    Sam, 13/04:
    This was waesome too!!!

    hahaha, 17/02:
    i need to know what chac the mayan rain gods features symbolized

    natalie, 23/11:
    Would You jus plz give me what i asked for i need info on what did they contribute to our society!

    nina mccrory, 16/10:
    courtney is gaf

    isabel, 03/09:
    Who were some prominent rulers?

    xavier, 22/05:
    mario is a fag

    Jas, 21/05:
    I need info on the trading for MAYA !!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    person, 03/04:
    This site has the worst info. Where is the clohting and weapon info? Label your paragraphs!

    dyna_olina=], 26/02:
    hi i need to learn bout where the mayan lived if kno anything let me kno plz =]

    a bra ham linkoln , 23/01:
    yo so wats up my peeps!!! Dont you love my bra i rock later skaterz!!!

    ZeedeeZ, 07/01:
    just put up pictures . this site wierd

    Ariane From Nottingham, 28/12:
    You need to add some pictures! I need them for a porject! Think guys may have mean but they were amazing at being mean!

    funnnny boyyyy, 11/12:
    hola i wub ruthy

    ALEX, 16/10:
    the mayans did not eat hearts, those were the AZTECS.

    dylan, 24/09:
    yo mi penny es pequeno

    bean boy, 02/06:
    they had lame inventions

    hello, 13/05:
    I typed "mayan inventions" I didnt find much obout it, it will really help me on my project

    MyButt, 12/05:
    I'd rather let them take my heart out than jump in a well. Wells are dark and creepy! I'm scared

    lebron james, 30/04:
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    dj, 26/03:
    this site is weird!!!!!!

    yariel, 12/03:
    you can choose jump in the well,take youre heart out,tie you up ,and trhought aroes. . mayans sacrafise people for the gods

    tania, 04/02:
    Sanchez Dude!! parale con tus commentarios.

    pickle34, 27/01:
    do you know how the Spanish felt about the native americans while they enslaved them?

    garbagio sanchez, 14/01:
    que se meura la madre que te cago

    DAVID, 19/10:
    is it true that mayans used to eat hearts? i haven't heard about it before

    chino, 08/08:
    i like to sunbathe near the sea my daddy told me the mayas did that it is fun!!!! you did not mention that the mayas smoked herb all day long and played pocker

    sassy, 06/07:
    u need more info on everything poo

    NoTaLotToSay, 27/06:
    You forgot to mention that Myans liked to eat hearts.

    Hunni Pie, 21/05:
    you definetly need pics cuz its borin without em

    Rick James, 04/01:
    omg!! i have a kat too!!!

    roo roo , 15/11:
    Liz this is to get info not for fun

    ulweht, 04/10:
    Don't read the next one from Cooper

    Cooper, 04/10:
    I rock and you don't

    yup, 25/05:
    dont write bad things

    big boy, 22/03:
    my pets name is fluffy

    Gabriella, 31/05:
    hi u don't have much info on the maya inventions i need some stuff on tools weapons medicines transportation and communications plz help !! it is wednesday and my project is due friday and that all the info i need to finish

    Incan, 03/02:
    Where's the Spanish?

    Genry Joil, 31/01:
    Please post it partially.

    Joshua, 31/01:
    I took the time to write you 4 pages of sources and reflections that might interest you, but the comment box seems to only allow for blurbs.... I guess I wasted my time.Sorry!

    Mayan society
    Mayan Geography
    Mayan religion - Popol Vuh
    Mayan calendar and prophecies
    Mayan Pyramids of Chichen Itza
    Mayan Pyramids in Mexico - Teotihuacan

    Nazca Lines
    Pre-Inca Civilization