|Phoenicians history. Phoenicians
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babylonians influenced the phoenicians
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Phoenicians history from www.lost-civilizations.net
Phoenicia is the Greek name for the country and
Canaanite & Phoenician History &
Between the period of 1200 B.C. and
900 B.C. there was no major military power in Mesopotamia. Therefor
smaller states like Phoenicia and the Hebrew kingdom were able to prosper.
These kingdoms especially the Phoenicians started to trade throughout the
people living on
the coast of Syria in ancient times at the east end of
Mediterranean Sea. It is believed that economic opportunity and
pressures forced them out into the seas. The Phoenicians
colonized many areas
along the Mediterranean Sea. Areas where their
colonies have been found:
Sardinia Cyprus, and Carthage-most
important and lasting colony By far they
were superior to all
peoples of that time in seamanship. Legend has it that an
pharaoh hired a band of Phoenicians to map and
coast of Africa. They are best remembered for
their contributions in the
establishment to trade with the many
peoples living along the Mediterranean
Sea. The Greeks received
their alphabet from them as late as the 10th century
B.C. or as
early as the 15th. Other antiquities famed to the Phoenicians
carved ivories to be used in furniture, metalwork, and
THE PHOENICIANS ROUTES OF THE
PHOENICIANS The Fertile
Crescent is roughly an arc-shaped area
which stretches from the mouth of the
Tigris and Euphrates rivers
at the Persian Gulf, west to the Red Sea. About
5,000 years ago it
was inhabited by a race know as Semites. The Semites who
the eastern portion of the Fertile Crescent were Sumerians,
and Babylonians. In the western portion lived the
Amorites. Those Amorites
who settled in what are today Lebanon,
Syria, and Israel were know as
Canaanites. Later, the Greek called
PHOENICIANS IN HISTORY There is
no doubt the the Phoenicians were
among the most interesting people
in history. Because they left so few written
records of their own
achievements, their history has been pieced together from
of all the other nations with which they came in contact, either
trade or through battle. Other information has been
gathered from the work of
archaeologists whose digging have
unearthed tombs of their rulers or what little is left of their
THE OLDEST CITY IN THE WORLD
Archaeologists have uncovered
homes of farmers and fishermen in
Gebeil dating back to 7000 B.C. They found
one-room huts with
crushed limestone floors and stone idol of god El. Because
discoveries, it is thought that Gebeil (later known as Byblos)
actually be the oldest city in the world.
EGYPT As far as back as 3200 B.C., the people of Gebeil
were cutting down cedar trees in the mountains of Lebanon, to
shipped to Egypt and Mesopotamia for use in building ships and
columns for houses. In return, the Phoenicians brought back
gold, copper, and
turquoise from the Nile Valley and Sinai.
Canaanite ceramic pieces have been
found in Egyptian tombs dating
back to 2999 B.C. In 1954, archaeologists
found Cheops (khufu) at
Giza. Cheops lived around 2550 B.C. The barge was
made of Lebanese
cedar wood and faint scent of the cedar was still in the grain
the time of its discovery.
THE ALPHABET Sumerian cuneiforms (wedge
shaped symbols in clay
tablets) and Egyptian hieroglyphics
(pictographs) were the only known forms of
writing before the
alphabet as we know it was developed. Both scripts,
separately created, used picture writing. Eventually,
pictures or signs
represented sounds. Finally, the pictures became
so simplified that a whole
word was written as a single sign. By
about 1200 B.C., the Phoenicians had
developed symbols which in
time became a real alphabet. The Phoenician
alphabet consisted of
twenty-two symbols, all consonants. Each one
represented its own
sound. The Egyptian symbol for the
ox head was
Semitic name aleph and was sounded as "a." The symbol for
Beth and was sounded as "b." It
is easily see how the Phoenician alphabet was
used to form the
other alphabets which followed it. Aleph became the Greek
Beth became beta. In time, these letters became
the Roman letters A and
B and eventually the English A and B, and
so on for the entire alphabet. Once a
written language was
established, it was inscribed on Egyptian papyrus, a type
made of reeds. So, closely linked with papyrus with the city of
(which traded cedar for the paper) that when the writing of
prophets were translated into Greek the city's name was
given to the great book
- the Bible. Because the papyrus rotted
away in the damp sea air and soil, there
are practically no
Phoenician writings left. Thus, the literature of the people
influenced the western world in her writing has largely vanished.
because Egyptian scribes copied the Phoenician letters after
no longer used, and because artists in Ninevah
inscribed them in stone, the
alphabet remains with us.
THE CITY-STATES For the next three centuries,
reached its height as a nation whose prime
interests were trade, the arts, and
religion. Organized into
individual city-states, each Phoenician city was under
its own form
of government. Each had its own god and its own ruler,
usually remained in power for life. Gebeil (Byblos) was a
city-state. Sidon and tyre were cities of
Business, industry, and navigation.
page 1 )
I just got out of a class with the Art Institute, and he was telling us about the Phoenician alphabet. He had told us that the A, or Aleph for OX was a Phoenician symbol not an eqyptian symbol. Ox was the main transportation for the Phoenicians, which is why it was so important to them.
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Some information is true and some are wrong. True that the Phoenicians were the first people to build a ship, put it in the water and start trading between countries, they were the inventors of the first alphabet ever and they were the ancient of what are now known of the Lebanese people. Phoenicia is the very name of what is known now LEBANON and definitely has nothing to do with Syria or the syrian people. The syrians always try to rob Lebanon & the Lebanese of the most important facts. They say that the Philosopher Gibran Khalil Gibran was syrian and he was born in Bcharre the heart of Lebanon so they are very misleading. However, the Lebanese people are very proud of their Phoenician roots and they try to uphold the standard of their ancestors with the way they do business today. Most Lebanese immigrants achieve very high posts in whatever they practice all over the world. this information is meant to clarify some historical facts. (F.B.D. Delta Force UK).
i love this website i learn this in school its awesome!! i like learnin about this stuff!!
The informations about the phoenicians in this page are very week and inaccurate, first of all this civilization was dated to 3000 BC, at least they should have mentioned that. Another weak point is that the phoenicians' cities around 1200 BC consisted mainly on the coast of what is known now as modern lebanon, and not syria, not to mention that the name Syria didn't exist until 300 BC when Alexander the great named it...
. The informations about the phoenicians in this page is very week and inaccurate, first of all this civilization was dated to 3000 BC, at least they should have mentioned that. Another weak point is that the phoenicians' cities around 1200 BC consisted mainly on the coast of what is known now as modern lebanon, and not syria, not to mention that the name Syria didn't exist until 300 BC when Alexander the great named it...
I P freely, 03/11:
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Kelly Riley, 07/10:
I have a test on Arabic Culture coming up tomorrow and this website certainly helped me to understand what is on the test... thanks for the help!
i think elfs saying that egyptians were pot heads
wow a lot of you a rucking fetarded
if your so intteligent you wont have to look this up
Phoenicians came from Atlantis.
. Phoenicians crossed the Atlantic, long before the Vikings, for the Pharaoh. They went up the Mississippi, Ohio and Wabash Rivers and brought back cotton and tobacco, to the Pharaoh. Tobacco has been found in the pyramids. Egyptian artifacts have been found in Little Eygpt.
Could you include the Rulers? or something?
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ur mom, 12/09:
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bob marely, 10/09:
could not find NOTHING at all!!!!!
Good info, good people, good for history projects. Though i wish there was more on politics.
lol what up am in graphic design class right now yeah ill comment later lol jk
Thank you to the originator of the information. As for the comments...I gather that it was a class project (probably for a grade), to add a comment to the site.
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Karee Mcbride, 12/03:
This site was very useful!.
Thanks! I really enjoyed looking at this. It really helped me to do my project.
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demetrio raps, 03/11:
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Well of course you do. Everybody knows that.
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I am writing a comment
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EY WAZ GEWD ? MA DUDEZZ
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iS THERE ANY PROMINENT PEOPLE IN phoenicia?
this site is good for researching.
Hey people out ther how are you?? i just wanted to say hey and hows it goin... I had to stop and read what you all said... lol Any way talk to you all someother time!!! lol
Col fine if its to sort Ill add awesome
But id like to give a shout out to my homies, Deliciouse dill, K-chedda n T-holmes
looking for new england history
You guys should be writing comments or information not useing this website as a hotemail!
do you all know each other or something? i just came across this site doing research for my homework...i live in bermuda by the way.
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¿hola amigas que pasa? nada. no hablo espanol. ci?
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loran has herpies inside joke between #'s 123
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Taylor and Dana, 18/10:
This web helped w/ SS extra credit. Thanx!
Nice pics of phoenician alphabet!
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