|Egyptian Art and Architecture. Ancient Egypt
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egyptian art and architecture
architecture in egypt
ancient kush + architecture
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ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ART
For over three thousand years the Egyptians adhered to a prescribed set
of rules as to how a work of art in three dimensions should be presented.
Egyptian art was highly symbolic and a painting or sculpture was not
meant to be a record of as the result of subtle changes, not an altered
conception of art or its role in society.
The Tree of Life
On the Tree Of Life, the birds represent the various stages of human life. Starting in
the lower right-hand corner and proceeding counter-clockwise:
The light gray bird symbolizes infancy.
The red bird symbolizes childhood.
The green bird symbolizes youth.
The blue bird symbolizes adulthood.
The orange bird symbolizes old age.
In ancient Egypt, the direction east was considered the direction of life, because the
sun rose in the east. West was considered the direction of death, of entering the
underworld, because the sun set in the west. They believed that during the night, the
sun traveled through the underworld to make its way back to the east so it could rise
in the east again on the next day.
On the tree of life, note that the birds representing the first four phases of life all face
to the east, but the bird representing old age faces to the west, anticipating the
approach of death.
During Neolithic times, known to Egyptologists as the Predynastic period, the dead were buried in a
contracted position in shallow pits dug in the sand and were surrounded by grave goods consisting
of pots that probably contained food and drink, and personal items such as cosmetic palettes.
These objects suggest that there was already a belief in the afterlife.
The vessel illustrated here is typical of the Naqada II period, being decorated in red line on a light
background. The elaborate motifs relate in part to life on the Nile, and show oared boats, water
plants, standards, and birds. Other examples also include wild animals and male or female figures.
Such vessels were probably made specifically for burial, rather than for everyday use.
In ancient Egypt, both men and women wore eye makeup, and to manufacture it they ground up
mineral pigments on a palette. Such palettes were often put into graves, perhaps to ensure that the
deceased had the means to grind eye makeup in the next world.
This palette is made from polished green slate, with two bird heads carved in profile at the top. Three
holes have been drilled: a central one may be for hanging, whereas the other two, serving as eyes for
the birds, may originally have been inlaid. The birds are possibly falcons, perhaps an early reference
to the sky god Horus.
This rectangular coffin was put together from local timber for a priestess of
the goddess Hathor called Nebetit. The head end is identified by a pair of
stylized eyes, known as wedjat eyes, painted in a panel on the side. The coffin
would have been oriented in the tomb with the head end pointing north. This would have enabled
the deceased, lying on her side, magically to look out through the wedjat eyes at the sun rising on the eastern
horizon - a symbol of rebirth.
The coffin has hieroglyphic inscriptions on the sides, end, and lid. The vertical inscriptions on the sides and ends
identify the owner. The long horizontal inscriptions consist of "offering formulae" and ask for offerings for the ka
(spirit) of Nebetit. These include beef, fowl, bread, and beer, and also a request for "a good burial in her tomb in the
necropolis of the western desert."
Clay funerary cones originally decorated the mudbrick facades of private tombs at Thebes. They
were embedded in rows to form friezes and may have been intended to represent the ends of roof
beams. The flattened base of each cone, which was all that remained visible, was stamped with the
titles and name of the tomb owner. The cone shown here bears the name of Merymose, the viceroy
of Nubia during the reign of Amenhotep III.
The cone bears three columns of hieroglyphic text reading from left to right. The
name of Merymose is found in the third column. The first column and the top of the second form the
phrase "revered before Osiris." This is followed by "king's son of Kush," the title given to the viceroy
of Nubia, a territory to the south of Egypt stretching into modern northern Sudan that was
conquered and ruled by the Egyptians during the New Kingdom (1550 - 1070 B.C.).
The goddess Isis, sister-consort of Osiris, god of the dead, is represented seated with her son placed
at a right angle to her on her lap. She wears a tight-fitting dress and a vulture headdress surmounted
by a sun disk enclosed by a pair of cow's horns, which are now broken. The horns and sun disk were
originally associated with the goddess Hathor, but later they were used by Isis too. The child is
supported by his mother's left arm, while her right hand offers her breast for suckling. Horus is given
the attributes of a child, being shown naked, with a single lock of hair falling on the right side of his
otherwise shaven head, and sucking his forefinger. However, he is also closely associated with the
ideal of kingship - the living king being a manifestation of Horus - and so he wears a uraeus (cobra), a
symbol of kingship, on his forehead.
Isis was revered as an emblem of motherhood and protector of young children. Possibly due to the shift of political
power to the Delta, where in myth Isis raised Horus in secret, the cult of Isis and the child Horus strengthened from
the Third Intermediate period onward, and during the Greco-Roman period spread widely through the ancient world.
After the Emperor Constantine had made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire, the mother-child image
formerly attached to Isis and Horus reemerged in representations of the Virgin and Child.
This wooden anthropoid coffin consists of a separate bottom and lid. It is plastered and painted
on the outside, but the inside was left undecorated. It is made of irregular pieces of native
Egyptian wood, and gaps between planks are filled in with mud. The underside of the base is
decorated with a large figure of the goddess of the west, recognizable by the falcon emblem,
the hieroglyph for west, that she wears on her head.
page 1 )
u should make the writing bigger :D
Send me the projects you people prepared on egypt...!!
I Need info about art and architecture of Egyppt...!
hey thanks a buch! i have this project on egypt and it was really helpful! thx again!
need reliable sources, 23/03:
this info is great but you guys dont have your dates or autheors or anything listed =[
project info needer, 07/02:
Thank so much! This site helped o lot with my seventh grade Eguptian art project!
hey my fazschizll' i'm chillin out at my crib with my sistaz
Dustin is a bleep
. can i print any of these pictures out????
This is a very nice website and very helpful. and By the way; screw you josh berger
i wanna see close up PICS of their eye makeup and just makeup in general! it's so hard to find! THANKS! ope you take my advice!
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this is bad get lost
I dont care for this site its realy bad and should be taken off the net
WellI have nothing else to tdo.
. this site is really cool
pamela ndanu, 26/02:
I think that this is very good information because it helps with my projects.
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Home z, 08/12:
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wuz gud niqquzz?
tommy , 14/11:
you guys have no good info and i like your enemys more creep
This page that deals with egyptian gods and godesses (particularly the "mother-child image" of isis and horus) is the original copy of a fotocopied "madonna and child" of the christian gods and godesses - mary & jesus. am i correct?
- sono un secerdote dalla citta' del vaticano, roma. Ciao,tutti!
this site is very helpful
this site was simi halpful
thank you, this was really helpful :)
schlipong di dada wopsi no shniner vieibler di votzer vaag
thx, this site has been useful 4 my art project!!
do you hav any info on ancient egyptian art materials????? my project is due in, in a week!
kool pictures but you need the identification information under each pictuer!!!!!!
Charles Marsicek, 02/05:
frogs lay eggs in my mouth at night.
boiled celery turns me on.
Chad Rochon, 02/05:
Im a very bad student. i walk out of every class. i jack off into mr. underhills mouth.
i eat dirty toenails.
josh berger, 17/04:
i dont cut my toenails.
there long and nasty and yellow and dirty.
i can cut cloth with them!
jalen bal, 14/03:
im a man whore.
who is black.
my name is cunt, 14/03:
i think i do cocain!
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. why do people shag there bfs?
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Whatever a wipes
people tlk on here
Really cool!! It will help me a lot on my project THANK-YOU!!! :P
. Really cool!! It will help me a lot on my project THANK-YOU!!!
Keegan Teh, 04/10:
This is great for my Multiple Intelligences & Bloom's Taxonomy THANK YOU!
I have to complete at least 12 or more
It is due Next Monday!
And i Done 2 oh no...
Hurah!!!!! my research is best.
nice but i think it coudld be better!!
chris bezzine, 26/07:
i am having relations with my teacher
tye simpson, 26/07:
boya boya sweet home albama i love kinsha O AYAR AND I HAVE KISSED HERE AND HUG
. this webs5te is very usful but most of the coments arre lamo and i no that im 12 and this web site is weird and intresting and i am doing a personal project on egypt
I have found this information very helpful. Thank you very much.
howdy partner yee ha i got a degree an the science of a sheeps stomach hows that for a flamin comment mate
where's the copyrite informtion?
what is the background plz
i need info on the avenue of sphinxes like now!!!
. u losers will not give me any info
I love your website. It realli helped me 2 reasearch about the tree of life but can you please send me the refernce details and more information about the tree of life today because its dues 2 morrow!!!! Please!!!
Hey great site! Heaps of information. The only problem is that I can't find any references information, such as author and date published. Could you please email them to me ASAP! Thanks
I think this website is great! It helped me with a project that is due tomorrow. I couldn't find any info. on my proj. Thanks for the help! You saved me!
thank you for the info
I love this website
this cool sight is so cool it helpd me alot (I am 20 years old)
Nice site, but 'cha need more on art and architecture. I think you forgot the main subject.
. Thanks, Lost Civilizations. I got GREAT information for my report!
thank you for inspiration
you need more info on art and architecture!
silly girl a.k.a. steff, 15/01:
this site rox hardcore!!!! 4 seriouslys
you need to add a litle bit more info
wow were am i at!!
I need more information than this i have a prject due.
only useful source i found on the tree of life, couldve had a little more info tho;)
You need more projects like how to make our own egyptian painting or something
there should be more pics plus some info on the food they ate and pics of their food.....m FOD!!!!
there needs to be more architecture stuff like pics and more info......i like cookies by the way...lol
i wanna bang you
mad about you, 04/10:
I'm doing a project and i need to make an ancient artifact and your not helping becaus I need pictures!!!!
Im doing a project on Ancient Egypt and i need information really fast!! and your not helping!!!
this is great. i am doing a project on egypt. everything about egypt. this had everything. thanks so mch.
ya'll sh*t is bull
matthew vandamme , 03/05:
this is not right need more info
sugur pop, 24/03:
Thanks for this site because i really needed to know about how Ancient Egyptians were buried and stuff... yep. THANX!
could this be just a little bit more helpful? PLEASE!!!
Where is their type of writting
fatty bing bong, 07/02:
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ish pac, 01/02:
awesome website :)
Ish king pac ping pong!!!!
Thanks for your help.
Kristen A. Keezel, 19/11:
Thanks for the help
im doing a prodject on egyptian art and now ive finished i can go and shag my bf dave
Thanks for the help. Your website gave me all the information I needed.
We're doing group projects in World History. My group got ancient Egyptian art and architecture. This webpage has been extremely helpful to my group.
nice pics for my art project thanks :)
Nice images, I must say. This was a useful resource on a project I'm doing... art and architecture of Africa, aren't I original? :p Ah well. Good job, and thanks for useful information!
I doing a report on Africa and this website gave me good examples of what I needed to find.
I am doing a project on nubia and i found this website very useful,thank you soo much for goving me this information
I am doing a project for art on Egypt and this was very nice to look up and find this much information thank you a lot. The only problem is that I think that you should put a necklice and braclet and tell about that just like you did for the cofins because that is what I am lookin for